While many teenagers and adults have their wisdom teeth out, there are additional reasons why adult tooth extraction may be required.
A dental extraction may be required due to severe tooth decay, infection, or crowding. When getting braces, one or two teeth may need to be removed to provide room for the other teeth as they shift into place. Additionally, patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or are preparing to undergo an organ transplant may require the removal of compromised teeth in order to maintain their oral health.
Tooth extraction is a reasonably rapid outpatient surgery that can be done under local, general, intravenous, or a combination of the anaesthetic by a dentist or oral surgeon. Extraction of visible teeth is a simple procedure. A more extensive process is required for teeth that are fractured, below the surface or impacted.
How much does it cost to get a tooth extracted?
Depending on whether the tooth is affected, the cost of extraction varies greatly. The cost of a simple extraction may differ from the different specifications assigned by the dentist. Because many services are tailored to an area’s cost of living, where you live can have an impact on how much you spend on the treatment.
Preparing for a tooth extraction
Your dentist will take an X-ray of your tooth before scheduling the treatment. Make sure your dentist is aware of any medications you’re taking, including vitamins, supplements, and over-the-counter medications.
If you’re going to be treated for another medical problem with an injectable medicine called bisphosphonate, let your dentist know. If this is the case, you should get the extraction done before starting the drug treatment, or your jaw may be at risk of osteonecrosis (bone death).
Also, inform your dentist if you have any of the following ailments:
- A cardiac abnormality that is present at birth
- Diabetes and Hepatitis
- Thyroid problems
- Kidney Disease
- Adrenal illness, hypertension, and a prosthetic joint with compromised heart valves
an immune system that is compromised and a history of bacterial endocarditis
Before you have your tooth extracted, your dentist may want to make sure that all of your conditions are stable or cured. Antibiotics may be provided in the days leading up to the surgery if:
If you have an infection or a weaker immune system, or if you have a specific medical condition, your surgery is likely to be lengthy.
In order to ensure quality treatment on the day of the tooth extraction, keep the following in mind:
- Wear a short-sleeved shirt or loose-fitting clothing if you’ll be receiving intravenous (IV) anaesthetic, and don’t eat or drink for six to eight hours before your appointment.
- Don’t smoke before you start.
- If you have a cold, inform your dentist, since you may need to reschedule your appointment.
- If you suffered nausea or vomiting the night before, your dentist may need to change your anaesthetic or reschedule your appointment.
- Have someone with you to drive you home if you’re having general anaesthesia.
What is the procedure for removing a tooth?
Depending on whether your tooth is visible or affected, you will have a simple or surgical extraction.
Extraction is simple:
You’ll be given a local anaesthetic, which numbs the region around your teeth so that all you feel during the treatment is pressure rather than pain. The dentist then uses an elevator to loosen the tooth before removing it with forceps.
Extraction via surgery
A small incision will be made into your gum by your general dentist or oral surgeon. Before your tooth can be retrieved, they may need to remove bone around it or cut it.
You’ll probably have both local and intravenous anaesthetics, the latter of which will make you feel peaceful and comfortable. Depending on your medical history, you may also be given general anaesthesia. You will be completely unconscious during the surgery if you have general anaesthesia.
What are the risks of having a tooth extracted?
Normally, a blood clot forms in the socket — the hole in the bone where the tooth was pulled — after tooth extraction. The bone inside the socket might be revealed if the blood clot does not form or dislodges, which is known as a “dry socket.” If this happens, the dentist will cover the region with a sedative dressing for a few days to protect it. A new clot will form during this period.
There are a few dangers associated with tooth extraction; however, if your dentist recommends it, the advantages will most likely outweigh the minor risk of complications.
Other risks include the following:
- Bleeding that lasts more than 12 hours, together with a high fever and chills, indicates an infection.
- Swelling and redness at the surgery site, nausea or vomiting, cough, chest pain, and shortness of breath
If you have any of these symptoms, you should see your dentist.
How long does it take to recuperate from a tooth extraction?
After tooth extraction, it usually takes a few days to recuperate. The steps below will assist you in achieving a speedy recovery.
- To decrease swelling, apply an ice pack to your cheek right after the treatment. Each time you use the ice pack, leave it on for 10 minutes.
- Bite down after the dentist lays the gauze pad over the damaged area to stop the bleeding and help the clot form. Keep the gauze on for three to four hours, or until the pad is completely saturated with blood.
- Take all medications, including over-the-counter pain relievers, exactly as directed.
- For the first 24 hours, rest and relax. The next day, don’t leap right back into your regular schedule.
- After the tooth extraction, don’t rinse for 24 hours and spit gently.
- When you’re lying down, use pillows to prop your head up.
- Brush and floss your teeth normally, but avoid brushing or flossing the extraction site.
- Eat soft foods the day after the surgery, such as yoghurt, pudding, and applesauce.
- After 24 hours, rinse your mouth with eight ounces of warm water with a half-teaspoon of salt.
- You can gradually reintroduce other foods into your diet as you heal over the next few days.
Make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible if you have discomfort that isn’t going away after several days or signs of infection, such as fever, pain, pus, or drainage from the incision.
Extraction of a tooth causes discomfort.
Your dentist or oral surgeon may use one or more types of anaesthetic depending on your comfort level and the predicted difficulty of your extraction.
Anaesthesia administered locally
Your dentist or oral surgeon will apply a numbing chemical to your gums near the tooth being extracted for local anesthesia. Then they’ll inject a local anesthetic at the extraction site with one or more injections.
You may also be offered postoperative self-care instructions to help with pain control, such as:
- When lying down, place an ice pack on your cheek and raise your head up with a pillow. Eat soft, cool meals.
- Starting the day following surgery, rinse your mouth with saltwater and apply warm compresses to your face.
Recovering after a Tooth Extraction:
Even though their teeth are designed to be permanent, tooth extraction, or the removal of a tooth, is a rather routine surgery for adults. Here are some of the reasons why a tooth may need to be extracted:
- Infection of the teeth or gum disease
- Teeth that are packed as a result of trauma
You should be able to resume your regular diet after a one to two-week recovery time. Over the extraction site, new bone and gum tissue will grow. A lost tooth, on the other hand, might cause teeth to shift and impair your bite.
To avoid this, you might want to discuss with your doctor the possibility of replacing the extracted tooth. This can be accomplished with the use of an implant, a fixed bridge, or a denture.